The Bohemian movement was a cultural and intellectual movement that emerged in Europe in the 19th century. It was characterized by a rejection of bourgeois conventions and norms and was particularly popular in the cities of Paris, London, and other artistic centres.
The Bohemian movement was a reaction to industrialisation, the rise of the bourgeoisie, and the social changes that accompanied it. Bohemians, as members of the movement called themselves, rejected the established order and sought an alternative lifestyle characterised by freedom, creativity, and individuality.
The Bohemians were often artists, writers, musicians and intellectuals. They often lived in precarious financial circumstances, but they placed great value on the realisation of their artistic and intellectual ideals. Members of the Bohemian movement emphasised the importance of art, creativity and personal expression. They strove for an independent existence and sought to distance themselves from the conventions of bourgeois life and consumer society.
The Bohemian movement had a strong influence on the art and cultural scene of its time. It shaped new literary and artistic movements such as Symbolism, Impressionism and Expressionism. In Paris, the Bohemians gathered regularly in cafés and artists’ studios to exchange ideas, engage in debates, and develop new artistic forms.
Well-known representatives of the Bohemian movement included the British writer Charles Baudelaire, the German poet Heinrich Heine, and the painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. They all had a significant influence on the cultural development of their time with their work and lifestyle.
Although the bohemian movement in its original form faded in significance during the 20th century, it nevertheless left a lasting impact on culture, art, and the notion of an alternative lifestyle. The ideas of the bohemian movement have continued in various subcultures and artistic movements until today.